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(THE MOTHER OF THE BELIEVERS) (8 BH 57 AH)
The Mother of the Believers, Aishah bint Abi Bakr Al-Siddiq, Abdullah bin Uthmaan was called by Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam, Umm Abdullah (Mother of Abdullah).
She was born in Makkah in the year 8 before the Hijra (emigration). Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam contracted to marry her (in Makkah), then she emigrated with her family to Al-Madinah. He married her (completed the marriage) at the end of the first year of the Hijra. She was the most loved of his wives.
She went with him to the battles and on the journeys. At the Battle of Bani Al-Mustalaq, some of the hypocrites spoke about her. Her view was revealed in the Glorious Quran, in Surah An-Noor. When Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam was ill with his final illness, he asked permission of his other wives that he stay at the house of Aishah. They allowed this and he remained with her until he died. He was buried in her chamber, just as those after were buried by his side (her father, Abu Bakr As-Siddiq and then, Umar bin Al-Khattaab).
When the turmoil ensued that resulted in the Khalifah, Uthmaan bin Affaan's murder RA, Aishah RA was in Makkah for the Hajj. Upon learning of his death, she was enraged and demanded the punishment of the murderers. She left with a group of the Sahaabah to Al-Iraaq (Iraq). Ali bin Abi Taalib pursued her. With him, was a group of the Madinans. A conflict occurred between Ali's men and those with Aishah. A short battle flared, during which Aishah RA was riding a camel, thus this altercation was called the Battle of the Camel. After it, she returned, her honour and nobility fortified, to Al-Madinah, where she lived for the rest of her years.
The people went to her to ask her questions about the affairs of their religion and aspects of the life of (the Prophetic biography) Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam. She informed them of what she saw and heard from Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wa Sallam. She was a jurist of the women and the most scholarly of them. She memorized the poetry of the Arabs and all knowledge. She was most renowned for her purity of language and eloquence. She was also well-known for fasting, rising for night prayers and for her charity. She passed away in the sixty-sixth year of her life and was interred in the cemetery of the people of Al-Madinah, Al-Baqia.
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