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Solar Power

Jan 18, 2010
Is it permissible 2 use water heated by the sun?

ANSWER: If the solar-powered-heating-system heats the water directly from the sun, then it would be advisable to abstain.

However, if the solar-powered-heating-system heats the water through the electricity that it generates, then it would be permissible.

See below Fatwa:

 

The books of Fiqh do mention that it is makrooh (tanzihi) to use water that is heated by the sun if:
1. It is in a hot country
2. Its on a hot day
3. In a utensil other than gold and silver
4. The water is used while heating This is due to medical reasons that it leads to leprosy. If these conditions are is not found, it will not be makrooh.
Ahsan al-Fatawa (2/43)
H.M. SaeedRad al-Muhtar (1:180) H.M. Saeed

(قوله : وكراهته إلخ ) أقول : المصرح به في شرحي ابن حجر والرملي على المنهاج أنها شرعية تنزيهية لا طبية ، ثم قال ابن حجر : واستعماله يخشى منه البرص كما صح عن عمر رضي الله عنه واعتمده بعض محققي الأطباء لقبض زهومته على مسام البدن فتحبس الدم ، وذكر شروط كراهته عندهم ، وهي أن يكون بقطر حار وقت الحر في إناء منطبع غير نقد ، وأن يستعمل وهو حار . أقول : وقدمنا في مندوبات الوضوء عن الإمداد أن منها أن لا يكون بماء مشمس ، وبه صرح في الحلية مستدلا بما صح عن عمر من النهي عنه ؛ ولذا صرح في الفتح بكراهته ، ومثله في البحر وقال في معراج الدراية وفي القنية : وتكره الطهارة بالمشمس ، { لقوله صلى الله عليه وسلم لعائشة رضي الله عنها حين سخنت الماء بالشمس لا تفعلي يا حميراء ، فإنه يورث البرص } " وعن عمر مثله . وفي رواية لا يكره ، وبه قال أحمد ومالك . والشافعي : يكره إن قصد تشميسه . وفي الغاية : وكره بالمشمس في قطر حار في أوان منطبعة ، واعتبار القصد ضعيف ، وعدمه غير مؤثر ا هـ ما في المعراج ، فقد علمت أن المتعمد الكراهة عندنا لصحة الأثر وأن عدمها رواية . والظاهر أنها تنزيهية عندنا
أيضا ، بدليل عده في المندوبات ، فلا فرق

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